RMO25T Winding Ohmmeter & Tap Changer Test Set
The Winding Ohmmeter & Tap Changer Test Set RMO25T is designed for resistance measurement of inductive test objects. RMO25T generates true DC ripple free current. Both injection of current and discharge of energy from the inductance are automatically regulated.
RMO25T injects current with a voltage as high as 60 V. This ensures that the duration of test is as short as possible, and that the desired test current is reached faster. Two independent channels enable testing of two series windings, or primary and secondary windings. There is enough memory within RMO25T instrument to store 500 measurements. All measurements are time and date stamped.
The set is equipped with thermal and overcurrent protection. The RMO25T has very high ability to cancel electrostatic and electromagnetic interference in HV electric fields. It is achieved by very efficient filtration. The filtration is made utilizing proprietary hardware and software.
On Load Tap Changers
The RMO25T can be used to measure winding resistance of individual taps of a power transformer’s tap changer. It can also check whether the on-load tap changer (OLTC) switches without an interruption. The moment a tap position is changed from one tap to another, the device detects a sudden, very short drop of the current. A properly working tap changer differs from a malfunctioning one. This is obvious from an interruption during the change, by the magnitude of the current ripple and also by the transition time. Malfunctioning behaviour of Tap Changer will result in much higher current ripple value and by changed transition time than a properly functioning Tap Changer.
Using DV-Win software, tests could be performed from a PC, and results can be obtained directly at a PC. The DV-Win software allows results to be arranged in an Excel spreadsheet, which can be shown later as a diagram and printed for a report, or ASCII format. This software can control the RMO-T instrument, allowing a condition assessment of OLTC (tap changer) analyzing the graph which represents dynamic resistance during the tap change. Using DV-Win and RMO25T it is possible to perform heat run test on distribution and power transformers.
|Typical application of RMO25T is measuring the resistance of:|
|Connecting a Test Object to RMO25T|
The RMO25T should be turned off, connection between RMO25T and the test object is such that the measuring cables from the "Voltage Sense" sockets are attached as close as possible to the measured resistance, while they are connected between the current feeding cables. That way, resistance of cables and clamps is almost completely excluded from the resistance measured. The figure to the right shows simultaneous testing of both windings (high and low) on a single-phase transformer. In such a way, it is possible to speed up the measurement when two channels are used to test both windings of the transformer.
Testing of a Delta-delta winding resistance is usually a very time consuming procedure. This is because the two windings represent two closed loop inductors. When energy is brought into the inductors, this energy (in the form of D.C. current) continually circulates within each winding. To test this configuration quickly, both high and low sides should be connected in series with the current source of a Transformer Ohmmeter. By having these two windings in opposing polarity, the internal circulating currents settle very quickly to obtain a balance, and discharge with the same speed. Even if only one side of the transformer needs to be tested, connecting both high and low windings in series will speed up the test considerably.
Using RMO25T’s TapChanger menu, the power transformer winding resistance of individual tap positions can be measured. Also, you can check whether the on-load tap changer switches without an interruption. The RMO25T current output injects a constant current into a power transformer. This current and voltage value is measured, and the winding resistance is calculated.
The Bottom Line: